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Ireland at Venice Venice Architecture Biennale

FREESPACE Free Market -Biennale Architettura 2018


Conceived by a collaborative team who live across Ireland and abroad, Free Market is interested in discussing the plight of the rural Irish town. Specifically, in how the once buoyant and lively market spaces in the centre of these towns have become car-dominated, over-engineered and are no longer where the day-to-day of rural life happens.


Curated by a team of six young architects and designers, Free Market aims to reassert the declining rural market square as a public place of social, political and cultural exchange, central to community cohesion. In doing so, it highlights the generosity, humanity and possibilities that are embodied in the market place. One in three Irish people live in a town, and Free Market focusses on small towns of less than 5000 people. Once the economic and social hubs of rural Ireland, many market squares in these towns have seen their function as a place for exchange and congregation diminished. Many others have surrendered their role as markets and are now used only for car parking.

Free Market aims to explore the unique identity of these market towns while reflecting regional variation and historic development. In response to the Freespace theme chosen by the curators of the Biennale Architettura 2018, Yvonne Farrell and Shelley McNamara, Free Market acts as a real market square, offering an engaging place to meet, to pause, to interact with the exhibits and openly exchange ideas. Evoking the character of the market space through the use of texture, proportion, colour and sound, the pavilion will also include architectural models and drawings describing both the historic and contemporary conditions of these towns.

There are proposals for how design and planning professionals best engage with the potential and future of these towns. These exhibits are accompanied by soundscapes from rural Ireland broadcast by the pavilion’s own Free Market Radio. A newspaper entitled Free Market News, distributed at the pavilion, collects writings on rural towns from nearly 40 expert contributors, while 3 audio pieces ‘Sound Travels’ give perspectives on the lived experiences of small towns.

“Many of the challenges facing towns in Ireland are common to rural towns throughout the world. We hope that by presenting Irish towns on the global stage in
Venice, we can open a much needed conversation about the resilience of rural towns in an international context,” says co-curator Miriam Delaney. The Free Market curators conceived the exhibition at the 16th International Architecture Exhibition as the first phase of the project. After the Biennale Architettura 2018, Free Market will return to Ireland to tour small towns around the country in 2019, gathering stories and participants and continuing to evolve along the way.